In the post 7 Tips for First-time travel in India, we have mentioned that you may get ill for the first time coming to India because you may not familiar with the environment, learn actions you can take to stay healthy and safe on your trip because your behavior is more important than any vaccines.
Eat and drink safely
Unclean food and water can cause travelers' diarrhea and other diseases. Reduce risk by sticking to safe food and water habits. Hold your temptation to avoid sickness. Eat less in initial days and gain an appetite for Indian food before you start hogging.
- Food that is cooked and served hot
- Hard-cooked eggs
- Fruits and vegetables you have washed in clean water or peeled yourself
- Pasteurized dairy products
- Packaged food
- Bottled water that is sealed
- Water and ice that has been disinfected
- Carbonated drinks
- Hot coffee or tea
- Pasteurized milk
Prevent bug bites
Bugs (like mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas) can spread a number of diseases in India. Many of these diseases cannot be prevented with a vaccine or medicine.
Travelers should prevent by using mosquito nets, wearing clothes that cover your arms and legs: wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants when outdoors, and sleeping in an air-conditioned or well-screened room.
Get rid of water containers around dwellings and ensure that you’re sleeping in an air-conditioned or door and window screens work properly.
Use an insect repellent containing 20%-30% DEET or 20% Picaridin on exposed skin. Re-apply according to manufacturer’s directions.
Be careful about outdoor activities
In India, from 10 a.m to 4 p.m is the hottest time of day. Prepare suncreen (SPF of at least 15), protective clothing and sunglasses to protect yourself from the sunlight.
Prepare for activities by wearing the right clothes and packing protective items, such as bug spray, sunscreen, and a basic first aid kit.
If you are outside for many hours in the heat, eat salty snacks and drink water to stay hydrated and replace salt lost through sweating.
Very cold temperatures can be dangerous. Dress in layers and cover heads, hands, and feet properly if you are visiting a cold location.
Reduce your exposure to germs
Wash your hands often, especially before eating.
If soap and water aren’t available, clean hands with hand sanitizer (containing at least 60% alcohol).
Don’t touch your eyes, nose, or mouth. If you need to touch your face, make sure your hands are clean.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or your sleeve (not your hands) when coughing or sneezing.
Try to avoid contact with people who are sick.
If you are sick, stay home or in your hotel room, unless you need medical care.
Flow of traffic
Traffic flows on the left side of the road in India. Always pay close attention to the flow of traffic, especially when crossing the street. Unfortunately, Indian drivers are quite infamous for their lack of traffic sense. Most are impatient and always in a hurry, even though there’s no apparent reason for the haste. Therefore, be extremely careful when traveling on Indian roads.
Maintain personal security
Use the same common sense traveling overseas that you would at home, and always stay alert and aware of your surroundings.
These useful tips are not only used for those who want to travel in India only, taking care of yourself and carefully prepare your items and health situation from the beginning till the end of the journey is a must for every trip you start.
(According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
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