Indian Flag - The Evolution

A flag is a symbol of a nation’s identity, it often symbolizes the culture, tradition and spirit of the citizens of the country. The flag of a country, in short, represents the country and its people. Knowing the basic knowledge of the National Indian Flag is a must of India's citizens.

The evolution of the Indian National Flag sailed through many up-and-down stories to arrive at what it is today. Some of the historical milestones in the evolution of our National Flag involve the following:

In 1906

The first national flag in India is said to have been hoisted on August 7, 1906, in the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park) in Calcutta (now is Kolkata). From the top down, the colors are red, yellow, green.

The uppermost green color strip contains eight white lotus flowers representing the eight provinces. The middle yellow color strip is written in the center with “Vande Mataram” in Hindi. a sun and a crescent on the bottom red band.


Indian Flag through time


In 1907

A slightly modified version was subsequently used by Madam Bhikaji Cama at the second International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart in 1907. This was very similar to the first flag except that the top strip had only one lotus but seven stars denoting the Saptarishi. The middle yellow color strip is written with “Vande Mataram” in Hindi in the center. And the lowermost green color strip contains a Sun in the left corner and a white crescent and star in the right corner.


Indian Flag through time



In 1917

The third flag went up in 1917 when our political struggle had taken a definite turn. Dr. Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak hoisted it during the Home rule movement. This flag had five red and four green horizontal strips arranged alternately with seven stars in the Saptarishis and a Union Jack in the left-hand top corner together with a white crescent and star in the right top corner.


Indian Flag through time


In 1921

During the session of the All India Congress Committee which met at Bezwada in 1921 (now Vijayawada) an Andhra youth prepared a flag and took it to Gandhiji. It having two strips of red and green color representing the Hindus and Muslim community. Gandhiji suggested the addition of a white strip to represent the remaining communities of India and the spinning wheel to represent the progress of the Nation.


Indian Flag through time



In 1931

In the year 1931, a resolution was passed adopting a tricolor flag as our national flag. This flag, the forbear of the present one, was saffron, white and green with Mahatma Gandhi's spinning wheel at the center.


Indian Flag through time


In 1947

The national flag was adopted on the 22nd of July in 1947. The colors and their significance remained the same as a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron, white and dark green in equal proportions, with the Ashoka wheel in blue in the center of the white band. It served as the national flag of the Dominion of India between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950 and has served as the flag of the Republic of India since then.


Indian Flag through time


The Indian National Flag represents the hopes and aspirations of the people of India. It is the symbol of our national pride. Over the last five decades, several people including members of armed forces have ungrudgingly laid down their lives to keep the tricolor flying in its full glory. Get your eVisa for India and discover more about culture and people of India. 


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