Indian Flag - The Basic Knowledge

The colors and symbols of each flag convey the ideas, ambitions, and values of the country or organization. The flag is a sacred item that holds a great significance that of the Indian flag is very important for the people of India. Here is the basic knowledge about Indian flag.


Indian Flag - The Basic Knowledge


Meaning of Indian Flag

Mohandas Gandhi first proposed a flag to the India National Congress in 1921. The national flag of India is also known as Tricolour Flag means Tiranga as it contains tricolors. Indian flag is designed-horizontally using three colors, blue wheel in the center and Khadi clothe.

The design of the wheel has changed throughout history but it still remains today. The national flag was adopted on 22nd of July in 1947 in the wake of Indian independence from British rule. Indian Flag was designed and adopted as a symbol of nationalism and freedom.


Indian Flag - The Basic Knowledge


Colors of the Flag

In the national flag of India, the background is composed of three colored bands of the same size. From the top down, the colors are Saffron, White, and Green. Saffron symbolizes courage, bravery, and sacrifice. White was selected to represent peace, purity, and truth. Faith, fertility, and prosperity are represented by the Green color.

Ashok Chakra is considered as the Dharma Chakra or wheel of virtue, the 24-spoked wheel represents Dharma Rishis of the Hindu religion Who wielded whole power of the Gayatri Mantra or life principles that are at the crux of many faiths including Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The wheel also signifies motion and growth as a reminder that India cannot oppose change. The Ashok Chakra is in navy blue color because it is in the centre of the white strip of the national flag indicates the most truth of the universe which represents the color of sky and ocean.


Indian Flag - The Basic Knowledge


According to the Hindu religion, all the 24 spokes of the national Flag represents the Life means The Dharma which are as follows: Love, Courage, Patience, Peacefulness, Magnanimity, Goodness, Faithfulness, Gentleness, Selflessness, Self-Control, Self Sacrifice, Truthfulness, Righteousness, Justice, Mercy, Gracefulness, Humility, Empathy, Sympathy, Spiritual Knowledge, Moral Values, Spiritual Wisdom, The Fear of God and Faith (Belief or Hope).


The material of Indian Flag

Indian flags must be created using hand-spun cloth known as khadi. Anyone that flies a flag not made of this material will be fined and could also receive up to three years of jail time.

Raw materials for khadi are restricted to cotton, silk and wool. There are two kinds of khadi used:

  • The khadi-bunting which makes up the body of the flag
  • The khadi-duck, which is a beige-coloured cloth that holds the flag to the pole. The khadi-duck is an unconventional type of weave that meshes three threads into a weave, compared to the two threads used in conventional weaving.


This type of weaving is extremely rare, and there are fewer than twenty weavers in India professing this skill. The guidelines also state that there should be exactly 150 threads per square centimetre, four threads per stitch, and one square foot should weigh exactly 205 grams.

Only four places in India which licensed to make the cloth that is used for flags are Karnataka, Marathwada, Barabanki in UP, and Banetha in Rajasthan. The material used to craft Indian flags is sent to a laboratory for testing. 

Once quality is approved, it is returned to the factory where it is dyed saffron, green and white, and the design is either printed, embroidered or stenciled onto the flag.


"A flag is a necessity for all nations. Millions have died for it. It is no doubt a kind of idolatry which would be a sin to destroy. For, a flag represents an Ideal The unfurling of the Union Jack evokes in the English breast sentiments whose strength it is difficult to measure. The Stars and Stripes mean a world to the Americans. The Star and the Crescent will call forth the best bravery in Islam. It will be necessary for us Indians Muslims, Christians Jews, Parsis, and all others to whom India is their home-to recognize a common flag to live and to die for." - Mahama Gandhi.



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